Methamphetamine use among Native Americans and Alaska Natives in the United States

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Drug Alcohol Dependent. Jul 28, 2021; 227: 108921. doi: 10.1016 / j.drugalcdep.2021.108921. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recent trends show that methamphetamine use is on the rise in the United States. Alaska Native American and Native American (AI / AN) communities face health disparities compared to the general population, including some of the highest rates of illegal drug use. Here, we examined the prevalence of methamphetamine use among CEW / AN and characteristics associated with methamphetamine use among CEW / AN people.

METHODS: We examined methamphetamine use during the past year 2015 to 2019 between RNs / NAs and the general non-institutionalized United States population using the National Drug Use Survey and health. Next, we identify potential subgroups of CEW / AN people at high risk for methamphetamine use through factors such as demographic, social, mental health, and concurrent substance use.

RESULTS: A total of 214,505 people, aged 18 or over, were interviewed between 2015 and 2019; 3,075 (0.55%) identified as AI / AN. An estimated 26.2 out of 1,000 RN / AN have used methamphetamine, compared to 6.8 out of 1,000 in the United States as a whole

POPULATION: Compared to methamphetamine use in the general population, AI / AN methamphetamine use tends to be concentrated in rural areas and among low-income people. CEWs / ANs who use methamphetamine were more likely to be male, middle-aged, low-income, have severe mental illness, and substance abuse than CEWs who don’t. ‘were not using methamphetamine.

DISCUSSION: RNs / NAs experience disproportionate use of methamphetamine in the United States.

IDPM: 34333282 | DOI: 10.1016 / j.drugalcdep.2021.108921


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